Simla Agreement Signed Between India And Pakistan

Forty-seven years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the De Simla Agreement for the peaceful settlement of all disputes and problems between the two countries. U.S. President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute — between India and Pakistan — has once again shed light on the 1972 shimla agreement. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] It was signed with the promise of mutual commitment to resolve all peace-related issues through a DIRECT BILATERAL APPROACH. On 2 July 1972, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signed the shimla agreement with then Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] In order to gradually restore and normalize relations between the two countries, it was agreed that the De Simla or Shimla Agreement was signed on July 3, 1972 in Shimla, capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan. [2] It was followed by the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan.

India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, turning the war into the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. [3] The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan also agreed that relations between the two countries are governed by the principles of the UN Charter and will resolve their differences through peaceful and bilateral means. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] According to the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Simla Agreement was therefore “much more than a peace treaty aimed at reversing the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. provoking troop withdrawals and prisoner-of-war exchanges).” “It was a big blue print for the good neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan…

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